In the text Frames of war, Judith Butler analyzes the concept of precariousness as generalized human status: we are “precarious lives” because our persistence depends upon social and political forces, that determine our dependency by the world. In the present time, the mechanisms of power that invest ourselves maximize the precariousness, call in to question the sustainable life’s conditions, produce differentiations, invalidate local and fragmentary perspectives. The question that the work seeks to explore is the following: what kind of subjectivity is produced by the intensification of precariousness? According to Judith Butler, the reinforcement of precariousness creates an ontology of individualism, the idea that the self is independent by the social bonds and that the individuality is self-sufficient. The representation of the self, detached from the others social agents, strengthens the techniques of dominion upon the life because produces disintegration, isolation, inability to appear in the social space. At the same time, the subject is never totally subjugated by the norms of power that he reproduces, interiorizing the idea that he can survive alone to the maximization of precariousness. The subject, asserts Michel Foucault, is both shaped by the normative framework of the society and capable to intervene actively upon the norms that regulate his existence. As states Pierre Bourdieu, the social space is a champ in which the agents struggle through different strategies in order to preserve or to change the champ itself. This work requires to answer to the second question: is it possible to create forms of subjectivity capable to contrast the ontology of individualism? Through this interrogative, the work will analyze how the subjectivity can appear in the social space through practices that are able to disturb the political field. According to this statement, the individuality links with a network of lives and, reacting to the precariousness, creates relationships with others agents, moving from the ontology of individualism to social and ethical space of interdependence.
Laura De Grazia, graduate student
Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere,
Università di Pisa